Thursday, 29 November 2012

Camp Coordination and Camp Management, IDPs camp Nahqi Mohmand Agency
1st February 2011 To 31st December 2011

The security situation throughout the FATA and Khyber Pakhtoonkhwa has been deteriorating since the geo political scenario of the region changed after 9/11. The security situation of Mohmand Agency has been an exception and as a result major areas of the agency were out of the control of the government. To establish the writ of the government Pakistan army had carried out a limited military operation in 2008, but in January 2011 it launched a full pledged military operation in upper Mohmand, khwaizai baizai and Ambar areas. The conflict Situation caused the civilian population to flee their houses and take refuge in the IDPs camps established inside Mohmand. Initially two camps were established one at Danishkool and one at Nahqi. Later on Danishkool camp was closed as the families residing in it returned to their places of origin after completion of the operation, while nahqi camp is still hosting about 2000 IDPs families. FRD with support from UNHCR has been providing camp coordination and camp management services right from the beginning. Services provided include Site planning , Development and maintenance, provision of hot meals to the newly arriving families till they receive dry food and FRD establish individual family kitchen for them, Community services, Formation of community organizations of IDPs and coordinating the issues of IDPs with various services providers, identification and facilitation of vulnerable individuals.
This project has benefited about  9288 IDP families with about 52,0128 individuals.
Shelter Repair Kit for South Waziristan returnee IDPs
1st May 2011 To 31st July 2011

The worsened security situation in South Waziristan Agency and the military operation against militants in the area caused hundreds of thousands of families from South Waziristan Agency to flee to stable districts and cities of the country. The long term conflict situation in the area and lack of proper maintenance in a scenario, where the country experienced worst rains and floods in 2010, caused heavy damages to the residential facilities in South Waziristan Agency. In May 2011 government of Pakistan declared some of the areas safe for return. The IDPs returning to their places of origin found damaged or destroyed houses, which they could not rehabilitate with their meager resources. FRD with support of UNHCR provided the support in form of shelter roofing material, One door one window and US$ 100 as cash for work to the vulnerable families who did not had resources to reconstruct their own houses. A total of 600 families were assisted with this package. Now the returnees IDPs and their children and women have a place which they can call their home.
Permanent One room shelter for flood affected population in Charsadda Khyber Pakhtoonkhwa
1st February 2011 To 31st December 2011

The worst floods in
the living history of the country hit the country in monsoon 2010. The floods
left millions of people across the country homeless. To respond to the needs of
the flood affected population for shelter FRD started construction of 1000
permanent rooms accompanied by a kitchen and wash room for the vulnerable
families in district Charsadda. The Project was supported by UNHCR with funding
from Japanese Government. The methodology of the project implementation had
been involvement of the beneficiaries in the decision making process. In each
village of intervention FRD formed one community organization of men and one
community organization of women. Both the organizations were provided
orientation on vulnerabilities and were asked to identify the vulnerable
families in the village who need shelter support. Both the organizations
prepared an independent list of the deserving beneficiaries and handed it over
to the field staff of FRD. In the follow up Field staff of FRD carried out a
door to door assessment of the identified beneficiaries and corrected if there
had been any vulnerable beneficiary left out. The door to door assessment of
FRD team members was meant to bring the neutrality and impartiality to the assessment
as well as verification of the assessments by the community. After the
beneficiaries selection the technical team of FRD provides technical guidance
and lay out for shelter construction. The shelter construction requires
contribution from beneficiaries in the form of unskilled labor and some
material below the plinth level. FRD provides material and skilled labor. The
design of all the shelters comply with basic disaster risk reduction measure
such as raised plinth level, framed structure and capacity building of the
beneficiaries in disaster risk reduction.

Keeping in view the dire need for the shelter in the area, and the progress of
FRD on the shelter, FRD has renewed its agreement with UNHCR, whereby UNHCR
supported an additional 700 families as well with regard to their
shelter. So total number of beneficiaries families for this project turns to be
1700 with a population of about 10,068 individuals. In all the selected 100% of
the women headed, Child headed and physically handicapped headed households
have been assisted.

Before closing of the
Project FRD had received so many requests from poor and vulnerable families who
could not receive the assistance due to scarcity of resources and a huge need.
FRD had identified some savings in its various heads and communicated with
UNHCR to allow for construction of additional shelter 43 for the
vulnerable families. UNHCR people were kind enough to allow for additional
construction of shelters and community infrastructure in two villages

WASH Services in Tehsil Tunsa of District Dera Ghazi Khan, Punjab
1st November 2010 To 15th February 2011

The monsoon floods of 2010 in Pakistan paralysed the weak infrastructure of the country and left millions of people homeless with no resources. As in every emergency the poor hygiene and sanitation and scarcity of clean drinking water cause hundreds of thousands of people to lose their lives to diarrhea and other preventable diseases. To overcome this risk and contribute to improved health conditions of the flood affected population in the southern Punajab’s poorest area FRD started activities of supplying clean drinking water through water trucking in various villages of UC Nari, Mor Jhangi, Tibbi and Fateh Khan with support from ERF (Emergency Response Fund). Simultaneously working on rehabilitation of communal drinking water sources started. The rehabilitation of communal drinking water sources many times resulted in installation of new hand pumps due to improvement in site of the hand pump. In addition to improvement in drinking water quality FRD engaged a team of enthusiastic male and female hygiene promoters to contribute to positive behaviour change with regard to personal and communal hygiene. The hygiene promoters carried out hygiene promotion sessions on household level, neighbourhood and schools level. To assist the flood affected population in observing personal hygiene and communal hygiene 4,000 family hygiene kits were distributed among the poorest of the poor families in the selected area, family hygiene kits included Bathing soaps, bathing mugs, Towels, Toilet Mug (Lota) water collection/storage jerry cans, laundry soap, tooth brushes, tooth pastes, Sanitary pads for girls and women and water purification tablets on household level. 100% women headed households in the selected area were assisted.

The project assisted more than 28,800 individuals in the area out of which about 14,976 are women and girls.
Semi Permanent Shelter for Flood affected Population
1st November 2010 To 31st December 2010

As the monsoon floods of 2010 left millions of people homeless across the country, the winter season of 2010 had been a big challenge for these flood affected people. In the meanwhile the shelter cluster across the province declared the transitional phase of shelter. To cater for the needs of winter season and provide a place where these people can have a dignified living FRD in consultation with the flood affected population designed a semi-permanent shelter which could be upgraded with small available resources with beneficiaries. UNHCR supported the project and two villages of Union council Mirza Dher were selected.
150 most vulnerable families like women headed families, child headed families, physically handicapped persons families and poorest of the poor families have been assisted.
Emergency shelter & NFI kits for flood affected Population Union Council Mor Jhangi, Tehsil unsa, District Dera Ghazi Khan
August 2010 To August 2010

The monsoon floods of 2010 left millions of people in acute need of shelter. Active presence of FRD in union council Mor Jhangi of district Dera Ghazi khan, gave an opportunity to FRD team to have an in-depth assessment of the shelter & NFIs need of the vulnerable flood affected population. The assessment of the shelter and NFIs need in the union council was shared with IOM who provided in kind support of emergency shelter kit and NFIs for 218 families (1,415 individuals) in the selected union council. The project enabled 1,415 individuals to have dignified shelter at their own compounds and received 436 blankets and 218 Jerry cans in addition to plastic sheet and ropes.
Emergency WASH services for flood affected population settled in various school buildings of district Charsadda
August 2010 To August 2010

The monsoon floods of 2010 caused thousands of families to leave their homes in district charsadda and take refuge in various public buildings and spontaneous camps. Congested population in small areas, scarcity of clean drinking water and less awareness about hygiene placed the displaced population at risk for out breaks of diarrhea. To reduce the risk of diarrhea out breaks and contribute to improved general health conditions FRD entered in to Small scale funding agreement with UNICEF for provision of emergency WASH services to flood affected population settled in 09 schools of district Charsadda. FRD continuously provided services of trucking in clean chlorinated drinking water, promotion of personal and communal hygiene among the flood affected population, distribution of family hygiene kits, Installation of water tanks and hand washing facilities, provision of temporary toilets and bathing places in the selected schools, functionalizing the non-functional permanent toilets in schools and providing solid waste management services in the selected schools. The project successfully prevented outbreak of any water born disease during the implementation and for three months after the completion of the project. The project benefited 4,546 individuals. Majority of the beneficiaries of the project had been women and girls as more than 60% of the population in schools during emergency consisted of women and girls.
MCRAM/ IVAP (IDPs Vulnerability assessment and profiling)
May 2010 To 31st August 2010

Conflict situation in FATA and Khyber Pakhtoonkhwa caused hundreds of thousands of families to take refuge in IDPs camps and host communities. Population residing inside camps was relatively easy to monitor for protection issues and their needs. While population living with host communities or rented houses in bigger towns was comparatively scattered and difficult to monitor. To assess the vulnerability of the IDPs living in various off camp locations, UNOCHA, IRC and UNHCR planned a systematic survey initially called MCRAM (Multi Cluster Rapid Assessment Mechanism) later on converted to IVAP (IDPs Vulnerability Assessment ) FRD volunteered to contribute outreach/ survey workers to the assessment. The voluntary contribution of FRD helped the humanitarian actors to understand the needs of Internally Displace persons with full detail. FRD provided contribution in assessment of IDPs residing in district Peshawar, Nowshehra and Mardan in rented houses or with host communities.
Community Mobilization for Sustainable Development (Mohmand Agency FATA)
1st May 2010 To 31st July 2010

Socio Economic conditions of FATA had been partly a result of the detachment of common people from the development process. The common people always remained on a side from the planning and development activities. The situation was aggravated by the absence of voting right for common adults in the area till very recent times. To involve the common people of the villages in matters of their area, FRD proposed to form community organizations on gross root level and build their capacity for linkages development with various line agencies and capacitate them with skills required for participatory development in their areas. FATA capacity Building project (FATA-CBP funded by USAID) funded the project. 15 community organizations were formed in various villages of the far flung tehsil of Prang Ghar of Mohmand Agency. After formation of community organizations regular meetings were held with the members of community organizations to provide them orientation on how to take collective steps for their collective development. Each community organization’s representatives/office bearers were also provided class room trainings on social mobilization cycle and project cycle management, Book keeping and record management of CBOs and Disaster Risk Management. The new graduates of these trainings helped a lot in rescue and relief activities in monsoon floods of 2010. ( The training was completed on 24th July, and floods reached Charsadda on 27th July, In addition to rescue and relief activities these activists provided valuable services in rapid need assessments for FRD and planning its relief activities.
Capacity Building of FRD
1st December 2008 To August 2009

FRD started its activities as an indigenous organization of FATA with passions of volunteerism. Fortunately a USAID funded program started in FATA with the name of FATA-CBP (FATA Capacity Building Project). The said Project had a very important component of strengthening of Civil Society Organizations in FATA. To avail the opportunity of capacity building and institutional strengthening FRD had been in partnership with FATA-CBP from the very start. During the partnership FRD team members got various trainings at well-known institutes of country such as Financial management in NGOs, Monitoring and reporting, Proposal writing, Communication and presentation skills, Monitoring and evaluation with support from FATA-CBP.
In addition to the class room trainings FRD also availed the staff internship opportunities with FATA-CBP support. In the internship Program staff members of FRD were provided class room trainings in specific areas in addition to two months on the job training with NRSP and Sungi.

To help in formulation of a good strategic vision FATA-CBP also supported a Capacity analysis and strategic Planning exercise, in which Board of Directors members, Staff members and beneficiaries of interventions participated and analysed the existing capacity of the organization. The analysis of the capacity identified development of SOPs/Policy manuals and linkages development with other donor agencies as high priority need of the organization. Similarly a future plan was devised for the organizations growth and sustainability. The identified needs and development of policy manuals on Finance, Procurement, Human Resource and Monitoring & Evaluation were also supported by FATA-C.B.P.

FRD had also been recipient of in kind grant of office equipment like computers, laptops, printers furniture etc.
Evaluation survey of UNICEF implemented WES facilities in Girls primary schools and communities of Mohmand Agency
December 2008 To February 2009

USAID funded UNICEF to provide WES facilities in government girls primary schools and some communities of Mohmand Agency FATA. UNICEF implemented the facilities on ground. In December 2008 FRD entered in to agreement with USAID for evaluation survey of the facilities. The evaluation of the facilities included physical verification of the presence of the facilities, the functionality of the facilities and their impact. As during the assessment time majority of the girls’ schools were closed in the area due to threats from militants. FRD deployed its staff to visit the facilities physically, take photographs and interview any stakeholder who is available near the school like land owner, students of the same school and teachers. In addition to the survey FRD also collected water samples from selected schools to test them for bacteriological contamination and chemical analysis. FRD successfully collected data, analysed it and handed over the report to USAID.

Thursday, 22 November 2012


Success story

Having the dignity of own home for the 1st time in the life of a family.

FRD and UNHCR continue to spread smiles on the faces of the vulnerable flood population who dont have enough resources to reconstruct their houses.

Khaista Rehman and his family used to live in a mud house owned by the local land lord. The monsoon floods of 2010 destroyed the house and the family was forced to take refuge in Hisara Spontaneous camp in district Charsadda. As the land on which the house was there before the floods did not belong to Khaista Rehman and his family, they were not allowed to build some permanent house on that land. With onset of early recovery phase of shelter response FRD field team visited the camp and started the assessment of families who had a plot of land but did not had resources to construct their house. In the meanwhile Khaista Rehman and his wife Naheeda realised that unless and until they own a land of their own they can not get their permanent home. Khaista Rehman and his family gathered resources and purchased a plot in the nearby village. Naheeda, the wife of Khaista Rehman Played a major role in getting the land as she gave her jewelry to sell out and contributed the major part of the cost of land.

The team of FRD also visited the site and Khaista Rehman was also recommended as deserving beneficiary by the organization of the flood affected community organization in the village. FRD technical team provided the technical guidance about good construction techniques and Disaster risk reduction measure in the construction. Khaista Rehman and his family were so enthusiastic during the construction he visited FRD ware house for issuance of material even when his foundation was not ready for construction. One of FRD staff asked why he was in so hurry Khaista Rehman said" All of my kids are going to have their own home for the 1st time in their life, so me and my wife are so enthusiastic to have this dignity as soon as possible, all of my 6 kids will live in their own house" FRD provided construction material,skilled labour, technical advice and Rs.2500 as cash for work. Khaista Rehman and his family provided unskilled labour. Khaista Rehman is so happy and says " This place has given me and my family a peace of mind. Now we are safe from hot, and cold. we have worked hard to make it resistant to future floods and earth quacks... this is my family home now.. and i am not the only homeless who got the home, more than 60 families from Hisara spontaneous camp have been provided the shelters. they provided us dignity and identity. To acknowledge their support we want to name this neibghourhood as FRD Colony... we are thank full to FRD and UNHCR for their in time support .. "

The family is hopeful that they can purchase back the jewelry and other assets, the sold out to get their own house. Naheeda says " As we have got our own home, now Khaista can go to work with peace of mind. We will regularly save some money from his earning and i will again get my jewelry". She says while smiling " Now our home is far better than the previous, so i should have better jewelry"

Success Story

Mumlikat Bibi, a courageous lady, Who lost her home and husband to monsoon floods of 2010 but not her hope and courage

Though i am a widow, but i will not lose courage" says Mumlikat Bibi who is a widow, living in village Namu Kuday of union council Mirza Dher in district Charsadda. Mumlikat Bibi not only lost her home to the monsoon floods of 2010, but also her spouse Javed Afzal, who supported the entire family.
The sentences uttered by Ms. Mumlikat are not just words, they have a history and reality behind them. Now you can feel the courage and confidence in the voice of this courageous lady. “When the floods hit our house we rushed out of the rooms, as we could feel that the structure of the house has started collapsing as the mud continued to disintegrate due to high water. My Husband Javed Afzal was anxious to take away our valuables from the rooms because we could take none of our valuables from the rooms while we rushed out. I asked to wait till something becomes certain, and all of a sudden the room collapsed. We all started removing rubble and remains of the room to get access to our valuable things. This was terrible, our house was no more there, we were moving here and there in a haphazard manner. I was about 20 meters away to look for our cattle, when I heard the scream of my husband “says Mumlikat bibi while tears flow down her cheeks. "When I ran toward my husband, I saw him in extreme pain as he was receiving electricity shocks from an electric wire from the remains of the room, in no time he was dead, and I was all alone to face the hardships of life. The villagers helped in his funeral, some humanitarian organizations provided me assistance with food etc but I had no place to live in. I experienced the hardest time of my life, as I have six kids, and they are too young. As a woman I didn't had all the options of earning open like men. Then these Girls (FRD Female Social Organizers) came to me and asked me to participate in the formation of the women committee of the flood affectees. All the women in the village knew my status, so after formation of the Committee (organization) all the women unanimously recommended me for assistance. As the responsibility of providing unskilled labour in this project was that of the beneficiaries and I didn't had any one who can provide these services. The people from this NGO (FRD) asked our neibghours to provide unskilled labour on voluntary basis. The neibghours too were cooperative and provided the unskilled labour in construction of my home. When my house was completed they also provided me Rs. 2500, which i will spend to run my kitchen for some time"

Mumlikat Bibi is a courageous woman she says "though I am widow but I am not going to give up my courage, I have to support my kids, I am thankful to FRD, they have helped us build our house, they have also guided us on collective planning for our village, our villagers are also so cooperative. In such situations this is not only about assistance, this is about the care and respect to keep our dignity, thank you all people who have supported us in our hard times".

This is not just a shelter like we had earlier, this is more strong than our previous home, and we will take care of it to make it withstand future disasters" adds Mumlikat Bibi

Tuesday, 20 November 2012

A view of jalozai Tent shelter project, in which tent shelters have been provided to 4000 IDP's families